Whether you want to install stone, concrete or brick pavers, the below given paving stone installation guide will be of great help. Even if you want to have the task done professionally, you should still be aware of the process.
Plan and Layout
Chad Everett Harris recommends using a simple Paver Installation Guide with working your hardscape. Follow this simple
The first thing you need to do is plan the area that will be paved. You can draw out your plan and measure the same using graph paper. Lay out the planned area with a hose or some wood to make the outline. Now, spray paint or mark an outline, about 8 inches outside that outline. Do not forget that the area must have slop or gradient so that water can run off your pavers to avoid ponding or pooling in future
Calculate How Much Pavers Will Be Needed
First, measure the length and width of the area that will be paved. Next, multiply the width by length. The result you get is the square footage of the place that will be paved. Do add extra 5% to the figure, to allow space for the pavers that may be cut to fit odd spaces and curves.
The square foot of the area that will be paved should now be multiplied by paver coverage rate that you can get from your supplier.
Decide the maximum height your pavers can reach and should not cross. Do not forget that the slab needs to slope downwards and away from your home, to enable water drainage. For every 4 feet, you should slope down an inch.
Keep stakes around this parameter and mark the stakes with slop decline. A string needs to be placed securely on the stakes, to point out the height level you need to follow. Calculate the complete excavation depth needed. To do this, you need to add the inches needed for the base, the thickness of the paver, and the sand bedding. Dig out to the calculated depth and level and compact the ground using a compacting machine. After completing excavation, it will be best to create a temporary border for the rectangular area using 2 X material set at right slope and height.
The next step involves laying the base material. You can use crushed rock for the purpose. You need to lay the base material to a thickness that is perfect for planned use, and this depends on the weight and sub-base material that you will place on the paved area.
Now, spread crushed gravel on the area in a proper even layer. Once you spread it properly, go over the area many times using a plate compactor.
Edging is important for maintenance of the paved area. If you do not install edge restraints, then your pavers will likely move and separate. High traffic usage and harsh weather conditions will also ruin the paved surface. Your edge restraints can be made using pre-cast concrete, wood, metal, or plastic.
Before you place the pavers, you need to place a sand bedding layer on the compacted base material. This will serve as a bed on which you can set your pavers.
Lay down an inch diameter of PVC pipe across your base material. Now, spread a sand layer of about 1 – 1 1/2 inches
Lay your Pavers
Lay your pavers exactly in the design and pattern you have decided. Place them very close. Some pavers can have space bumps included into the design. If you need to cut the pavers to fit your desired size, you can use masonry chisel, mechanical splitter, safety glasses and a diamond saw for the purpose. After placing the pavers, set the pavers into the bedding using a mechanical plate compactor.
In this step, you need to sweep sand over the completed surface to fill up the joints, and lock your pavers in place. You should use fine-grained sand here as they fill up joints and compact much better. Make sure that the paver area and the sand are both dry during this stage.
Sweep clean the completed paved area to get rid of all debris and materials. Now, seal this area using a sand binding sealant, so that the joint sand does not disappear. This also helps prevent growth of any plants in between the joints.
Sealing also helps prevent stains from grease, oil, grime, algae, moss, rust, and tire markings. You will be able to clean any such stains very easily.
Maintenance will not be a problem if you have laid the pavers properly. However, you will need to re-seal your pavers on a regular basis to maintain appearance and color. This will also help protect your pavers against loss of sand joint, and from algae and stains.
Clean and sweep the pavers on a regular basis. There are different types of cleaning products that you can get from the market to use for different stains and situations.
Use this pavers installation guide to give you an idea of how to install your hardscape and if you need to hire a professional paver company call The Garden Gates Landscaping Company.